For more than two years, a law has been in force in Russia prohibiting the shooting of stray animals. It was believed that the new rules would reduce the number of attacks on people. But in practice, things turned out differently. So why doesn't OSVV — catch-sterilize-vaccinate-release?
Account is not in human
On February 19, in the village of Solidarity, Lipetsk region, dogs with tags after sterilization attacked a 9-year-old schoolgirl. The girl was returning home from school when the pack attacked her. The dogs threw the child to the ground and began to pull the hands. The incident was noticed by the child's parents, who at that moment were not at work. The schoolgirl's father ran out of the house and dispersed the aggressive animals.
Now the child has a lacerated wound on the left forearm and bite marks. The girl will have to undergo a course of injections for rabies.
Similar incidents in Russia have become regular. In almost all regions, cases of dog attacks on people are recorded. Often the aggressors — these are animals that, according to the law About responsible treatment of animals" were caught, spayed, vaccinated and released back onto the street. It would seem that more than two years have passed since the new rules came into force, but on Russian streets it is not getting quieter. Ordinary citizens have to survive in unequal battles with a pack of dogs. Most often, the “account” is not for the benefit of mankind…
«But then they will be released again»
In the village of Domna in the Trans-Baikal Territory, dogs killed a first grader when she was returning home from a music school. Residents say that huge dogs flooded their village recently, when a “zooprotector” settled in Domna, who collects dogs and sends them after to walk freely.
In January, in Chelyabinsk, stray dogs bit a pregnant woman. The expectant mother experienced severe stress, plus she underwent a course of treatment with the rabies vaccine.
Also, in Chelyabinsk, a few days ago, a street dog bit the face of a first grader. The boy needed the help of surgeons to sew up wounds on his cheek and under his eyes. The dogs attacked the child while walking.
In the Volgograd region, Svetlana Belodorozhkina's dog bit her son twice. Once it was an animal that the owners let go for a walk without permission. The second time the child was attacked by a “chip” dog. The woman is sure: the dogs are aggressive because of hunger. The second attack on her son was due to food: the dog grabbed the child hand in which the boy was holding his school lunch.
Photo: AiF/Svetlana Belodorozhkina
The victims complain to the administration, but all is useless. In organizations involved in trapping stray animals they are told that if all the dogs are tagged, then they catch they release back.
"We already went there, the dogs are all chipped, — said the duty officer of LLC „Remkom“, which is engaged in catching stray dogs in Chelyabinsk. — …Of course, we can catch them, take them back to the shelter, but then they will be released again .
Who is catching?
"The law turned out to be crude, local authorities have no funds, there not enough shelters Many contractors are negligent in their duties. Money settles in pockets, — considers zooengineer and cynologist Anastasia Kalinina. The law is about responsible attitude towards all animals, and from stray dogs suffer not only people, but and other dogs, cats, wild animals».
Anastasia Kalinina believes that sterilization, provided for by the OSVV rules, does not reduce aggression in animals. Dogs still want to eat, get sick and stray into packs. In addition, they need to be vaccinated not only against rabies, but also against other diseases dangerous to people and animals. stray dogs get sick themselves and can infect other animals and people, — says the zoo engineer. It is impossible for the capture service to get to baited flocks in garages and industrial areas. If dogs are guarding something, then and someone must be responsible for them .
The organizations that are engaged in the capture of stray dogs are already having questions in some cities. So, in Krasnoyarsk, criminal cases were opened due to fictitious catching of dogs and negligence. In other words, the budget money was spent, and in fact no one was catching anyone.
According to investigators, from June 2018 to December 2019, the deputy director of one of dog catching companies signed 8 municipal contracts with the city administration. The company promised to keep and catch homeless animals. But instead, the manager produced fictitious documents and received more than 2.5 million rubles. from the budget of the local administration.
Her guilt, of course, will be proved by the court, but in some regions, similar cases have been brought to a prison term.
Criminal cases and fictitious documents
Director of the Volgograd City Nursery Konstantin Epifanovawas convicted for abuse of official powers and official forgery. Epifanov forced his subordinates to inflate the number of captured and destroyed dogs. The dog kennel was also engaged in the capture of animals, their maintenance and subsequent euthanasia. The events took place in 2017 year, before the adoption of the law “On responsible treatment of animals».
For some time the Honored Artist of RussiaPavel Kudrya< /strong>with his circus bears: Egor and Ray.
"It was scary — says Pavel Kudrya. — What they did with dogs is beyond evil. The dogs were put on the street in the cold in cold cages, and then they were burned alive. I still still shocked of what happened in this kennel».
Now Pavel Kudrya and the bear Egor live in a different place. In the ill-fated Gorny Nursery, the circus bear Raya died. Later, animal rights activists found her grave and dozens of dogs on the outskirts of the shelter. Not only fresh corpses were buried, but also newborn puppies, dogs with tags, biological waste after sterilization and medicines. The Volgograd mayor's office immediately hurried to disown spontaneous burial.
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“Indeed, the law fails . In order for it to work, it needs shelters, fines for uncontrolled breeding of animals, registration and public control, — believes Georgy Sitnikov, lawyer at the shelter „Matroskin“. — Early last year, the federal program to build shelters was announced. But, as far as I know, it has not received embodiment, and many regions avoid building shelters at their own expense».
Among the reasons for the failed implementation of the law “On” the responsible treatment of “animals” Sitnikov calls the unsatisfactory work of local and regional authorities, insufficient funding and the lack of effective programs for the treatment of animals. It is the animals that seem to have owners that often end up on their own. At the same time, sterilized animals without owners, having tags, collars or indelible marks, are not subject to capture. Exception — unmotivated aggressiveness.
“Absolutely not” the law works now in terms of the responsibility of the owners. People let their dogs out on the street uncontrollably, — Georgy Sitnikov says But it is almost impossible to bring the owners responsible, as there is no compulsory registration of animals, nor active fines for self-walking. The law, of course, prohibits letting dogs out on the street without control, people are obliged to clean up after them waste products, feed, treat, care for, sterilize, not throw them out on the street, but the control mechanism and fines for violation of these requirements are up to still not.
Fictitious sterilization? for a year and a half, more than 42 million rubles were allocated. Nevertheless, the number of attacks on people did not decrease. On the contrary, there are more such cases.
The same in in other cities. Often, Russians say that animals with tags that must be sterilized mate, and females give birth to puppies.
I live on the outskirts of the village of Gorodishche near the ravine, — says a resident of the Volgograd region Elena Н. — There is a dumpster not far from my house. Once a week, dogs are brought here with ear tags. They huddle in flocks. I myself have seen pregnant bitches and packs of puppies. Does does anyone sterilize them at all?»
Lawyer of the shelter “Matroskin” Georgy Sitnikov does exclude the possibility of abuse of the law "On responsible treatment"of animals. and considers that sterilization operations must be accompanied by photo and video recording.
“There can be room for abuse within the framework of the current law, however, as well as in” any other area. For example, double counting of captured animals, appropriation of funds allocated for the maintenance of animals, and, accordingly, deprivation of animals of normal conditions of detention, & nbsp; & mdash; Georgy Sitnikov says — These violations can be avoided by ensuring the continuity of public control, including the comparison of records of capture and actually kept animals. Photofixation of sterilization is necessary, as abuse is possible. According to documents, the dog is caught, sterilized, released onto the street, and in fact gives birth to puppies again».
Lawyers and civilians are sure that the situation with stray animals can be improved by strengthening control over the services that receive state contracts for trapping animals, and for dog owners.
“In order to protect citizens, it is important to hear not only animal rights activists, but also the expert community, listen to the opinion of the veterinary service, says a lawyer in the field of veterinary Alexander Levikov. — Caught dogs after sterilization return to their former habitats, and new ones are added to them, which for various reasons are thrown out onto the street. There is likely to be a cumulative effect, and in my opinion, this is the main problem. If it's not stopped, there won't be enough animal shelters. I believe it is necessary to listen to the expert community, implement the identification of pets and establish administrative liability for violation of the handling of animals» law.
In Chelyabinsk firms involved in catching and keeping stray dogs have been allocated about 14 million rubles for 2022.
Almost < strong>20 million rub. allocated for trapping homeless animals in Krasnodar in 2022.
In the city of Ob Novosibirsk region in In 2021, for these purposes, the administration allocated 350 thousand rubles.
In Yakutsk animal rights activists for catching and keeping dogs for more than 42 million rubles